At the same time as a lot of America’s staff returned to the workplace, the share of these working from house final yr remained effectively above what it was earlier than the coronavirus pandemic, census knowledge launched Thursday present, reflecting an enduring change that’s upending downtown districts, corporations and commuting patterns.
D.C. and the Washington metro space confirmed among the highest charges within the nation. Simply over a 3rd of District residents (33.8 p.c) labored from house in 2022, down from 48.3 p.c the yr earlier than, when the town topped the checklist, in response to the American Group Survey, carried out yearly by the Census Bureau. Solely Seattle had a better share of distant staff final yr amongst cities, at 36 p.c.
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Amongst metropolitan areas, the Washington space ranks fourth within the nation, with simply over 1 / 4 (25.4 p.c) of staff distant final yr, down from 33.1 p.c the earlier yr. That ranks it behind the Austin, San Francisco and Raleigh metro areas and ties it with Seattle’s, in response to an evaluation of the info by Brookings Establishment senior demographer William Frey.
Nationally, the 2022 distant work fee was 15.2 p.c, down from 17.9 p.c the earlier yr. In 2019, earlier than the pandemic started, simply 5.7 p.c of the nation’s staff labored remotely and solely 6.3 p.c within the Washington metro space did so.
The pandemic shutdown could have led to new, and lasting, methods of serious about work, Frey mentioned.
“Whereas the pandemic pressured an abrupt change towards working from house, it additionally led to the event of recent telecommuting applied sciences and techniques that might eradicate the necessity for five-day-a-week workplace work for a lot of Individuals,” he mentioned.
The work-from-home pattern has persevered at the same time as many massive city areas noticed rebounds in inhabitants after emptying out in the course of the pandemic.
Census knowledge launched this yr confirmed that 11 of the nation’s 15 largest metro areas gained residents or misplaced fewer folks in contrast with the earlier yr, together with the Washington metro space, New York Metropolis, the San Francisco Bay Space and Seattle.
The areas topping the checklist for distant work are hubs for high-tech industries through which working remotely is feasible. The Washington metro space’s excessive fee most likely is because of excessive populations each of tech staff and authorities staff who’ve been in a position to work remotely, Frey mentioned.
The brand new census knowledge additionally replicate a rebound in immigration, which had fallen to document lows in the course of the Trump administration and the pandemic. The brand new knowledge present a rise of 912,074 foreign-born residents final yr, up from an annual common of 186,000 within the 4 years prior.
Census knowledge launched in June had confirmed a post-pandemic inhabitants rebound pushed largely by immigration, which practically tripled final yr in contrast with the yr earlier than, in response to an evaluation by Frey. Latinos and Asians accounted for greater than two-thirds of the arrivals.