May 21, 2024


This is a have a look at how the day panned out.

President Joe Biden and China’s President President Xi Jinping stroll within the gardens on the Filoli Property in Woodside, Calif., Wednesday, Nov, 15, 2023, on the sidelines of the Asia-Pacific Financial Cooperative convention. Doug Mills/The New York Occasions by way of AP, Pool

WASHINGTON (AP) — It was a gathering a yr within the making.

President Joe Biden and Chinese language President Xi Jinping sat down collectively on Wednesday simply exterior of San Francisco, the place Asian leaders gathered for an annual summit. It was virtually precisely one yr since their final encounter in Bali, Indonesia, on the sidelines of one other world gathering.

Along with a proper bilateral assembly, Biden and Xi shared a lunch with high advisers and strolled the verdant grounds of the luxurious property the place their assembly came about.

There’s no phrase on whether or not Chinese language pandas will return to Washington’s zoo. However Biden stated the assembly included “a number of the most constructive and productive discussions we’ve had.” Right here’s a have a look at how the day panned out.


Biden left the assembly with commitments on key points.

Xi agreed to assist curb the manufacturing of the illicit fentanyl that may be a lethal element of medicine offered in the USA. A senior administration official, who spoke on the situation of anonymity to debate a personal assembly, stated the shift can be a setback for Latin American drug sellers.

“It’s going to avoid wasting lives, and I appreciated President Xi’s dedication on this difficulty,” Biden stated at a press convention after his assembly.

As well as, Biden and Xi reached an settlement to renew military-to-military communications. Which means Protection Secretary Lloyd Austin will converse along with his Chinese language counterpart as soon as somebody is called to the job, the official stated. Comparable engagements will happen up and down the navy chain of command.

The official stated Biden was “very clear” to Xi that such communications between U.S. and China must be institutionalized and that they’re “not carried out as a present or as a favor to both aspect.”

Biden stated the U.S. and China would discuss extra about synthetic intelligence as properly.

“We’re going to get our consultants collectively and focus on danger and questions of safety,” he stated.

The agreements helped fulfill the White Home’s objective for the assembly — show to voters that Biden’s dedication to private diplomacy is paying off.

On Sunday, nationwide safety adviser Jake Sullivan advised CNN that Biden needed “sensible methods” to point out that assembly with Xi may also help “defend American pursuits and in addition ship progress on the priorities of the American folks.”

Zoe Liu, a fellow for China research on the Council for Overseas Relations, described the assembly between Biden and Xi as a optimistic step, albeit an incremental one.

“These agreements won’t change the structural challenges within the bilateral relations, however it paves the way in which for extra detailed working-level discussions, which is extra essential,” she stated.


Xi arrived in San Francisco at a time of financial challenges again in China, the place an growing older inhabitants and rising debt have hampered its recovering from the COVID-19 pandemic.

In accordance with Beijing’s description of the assembly, Xi pressed Biden to raise sanctions and alter insurance policies on export controls for delicate gear.

“Stifling China’s technological progress is nothing however a transfer to include China’s high-quality growth and deprive the Chinese language folks of their proper to growth,” the readout stated. “China’s growth and development, pushed by its personal inherent logic, won’t be stopped by exterior forces.”

There’s no indication that Biden will comply with take such steps. However even the assembly itself may calm jittery nerves again in China, the place there have been indicators overseas funding is really fizzling out.

Zhang Lei, a Chinese language businessman whose firm, Cheche Group, is listed on NASDAQ, stated high-level conferences such because the one between Biden and Xi may also help guarantee firms which have been hesitant to spend money on China.

“Confrontations don’t work,” he stated. “You don’t earn a living with confrontations.”


Biden and Xi return years, and Biden typically repeats the story of their conferences once they had been each vice presidents.

However on Wednesday, it was Xi’s flip to reference their earlier encounters throughout temporary public remarks, though he eschewed the elaborations that Biden normally provides to the story.

“It was 12 years in the past,” Xi stated. “I nonetheless keep in mind our interactions very vividly, and it at all times provides me loads of ideas.”

Biden additionally emphasised the size of their relationship and the worth of their interactions.

“We haven’t at all times agreed, which was not a shock to anybody, however our conferences have at all times been candid, simple and helpful,” Biden stated. He added that “it’s paramount that you just and I perceive one another clearly, chief to chief, with no misconceptions or miscommunication.”

Bilateral conferences aren’t at all times conducive to a private contact, and Biden and Xi had been flanked by advisers on reverse sides of an extended desk. Nevertheless, a senior administration official stated they spoke about their wives, and Biden wished Xi’s spouse a contented birthday.

The official, who requested anonymity to debate a personal dialog, stated Xi was embarrassed, and he admitted that he had forgotten his spouse’s upcoming birthday as a result of he’s been working so exhausting.

Related Press author Didi Tang contributed to this report from San Francisco. Seung Min Kim additionally contributed.